Return to Heritage Home Page Current Image Gallery Archive Information Center Hubble Art Search
Return to Heritage Home Page Current Release Home Page Caption Fast Facts Supplemental Material Original Images

White Dwarfs Migrating from Globular Cluster 47 Tucanae's Core (click to enlarge)

The heart of the giant globular star cluster 47 Tucanae in this ultraviolet Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the glow of 200,000 stars. Hubble has spied a parade of young white dwarfs starting their slow-paced 40-million-year journey from the densely-packed center of the cluster to the less populated outer regions.

White dwarfs are the burned-out relics of stars that rapidly lose mass, cool down, and shut off their nuclear furnaces. As these glowing carcasses age and shed weight, their orbits begin to expand outward from the cluster's packed downtown. This migration is caused by a gravitational tussle among stars in the cluster.

The stellar relics are too faint to be seen clearly in visible light, however, in ultraviolet light the stars glow brightly because they are extremely hot. The green circles in the image outline the brightest of the young white dwarfs.

Astronomers used Hubble to analyze 3,000 white dwarfs in the cluster, located 16,700 light-years away in our Milky Way galaxy's southern constellation of Tucana.

Until these Hubble observations, astronomers had never seen the dynamical conveyor belt in action. The Wide Field Camera 3 observations were taken between November 2012 and December 2013.

Credit: NASA, ESA, and H. Richer and J. Heyl (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada)